Chapter 17 - Traffic Law Test Prep Statements - WPDSA Online Driver's Education Program

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WPDSA Online Driver's Education Program
WPDSA New Drivers Manual
Chapter 17 - Traffic Law Test Prep Statements
1) To participate in the organ and tissue donor program, WI licensed drivers:
• should tell their family their wishes.
• can register their decision online.
• can indicate their decision on the driver's license application.

2) To operate a motor vehicle on WI public roadways:
• you are required to have a Class D driver's license.
• your driver's license must not be revoked or suspended.

3) When operating a motor vehicle on WI public roadways, you must:
• have a valid driver's license with you when driving.
• follow the WI motor vehicle laws.

4) New WI residents with a license from another state or country must get a WI license within 60 days, except:
• when here temporarily for employment less than 1 year.
• when here as a foreign tourist for less than 1 year.
• when here for higher education for less than 1 year.

5) To receive an instruction permit (temps) in WI:
• you must be 15 1/2 years of age.
• you must be enrolled in a driver's education program if under the age of 18.
• you must take and pass the Class D knowledge and sign tests.

6) While holding your instruction permit (temps), you must:
• not compose or read text messages while operating the vehicle.
• not use your cell phone while driving.
• only operate the vehicle when licensed driver who has held a regular license for 2 years is in the vehicle.

7) You must hold your instruction permit (temps):
• for 6 months if under the age of 18 years.

8) To receive a probationary driver's license if you are under 18:
• you must not have received any traffic tickets within the last 6 months.
• you must not have been in an at fault crash within the last 6 months.
• you must have accumulated 30 hours of driving experience with 10 of those hours being at night.

9) For the first 9 months of holding your probationary license:
• you may only have 1 non-family member in your vehicle while you are driving.
• you may not drive from midnight until 5 a.m. unless between home, school, and/or work.

10) If you get 6 to 11 demerit points within a 12-month period:
• you will receive a warning letter.
• you will be able to take an approved traffic safety course to reduce 3 points.

11) If you get 12 or more demerit points within a 12-month period:
• your license will be suspended or revoked.
• you are not permitted to drive if your license is suspended or revoked.

12) Your driver's license:
• will expire on your date of birth.
• can be renewed up to 90 days before it expires.
• should be carried with you whenever you drive.

13) To help you save fuel and wear and tear on your vehicle:
• take public transportation, ride a bike, or walk.
• avoid unnecessary braking and start and stop slowly.
• combine and plan your trips to avoid backtracking.

14) A vehicle that is not in good condition:
• is more likely to break down.
• is more likely to cause a collision.
• is more likely to cost more to operate.

15) Check to make sure your vehicle:
• lights are all working so that other vehicles will see you and what you plan to do.
• windshield and windows are clean and clear.
• has no loose objects inside that could fly around and injure you or your passengers.

16) Poor tire condition may:
• increase the chances of hydroplaning.
• increase the distance your car needs to stop.
• increase the chances of getting a flat tire.

17) Improper tire pressure:
• may increase the amount of fuel your vehicle uses.
• may increase the distance your vehicle needs to stop safely.
• may cause uneven tire wear.

18) The windshield, windows, and mirrors:
• should be kept clear of ice, snow, and dirt.
• should not have things hanging from them.
• should be cleaned if they are dirty.

19) Adjust the driver's seat and the mirrors:
• so that you can see the roadway clearly.
• before you move the vehicle.
• so you are in a comfortable driving position.

20) Seat belts and child restraints:
• are required to be used by WI state law.
• keep the people in the vehicle from flying around inside the vehicle during a crash.
• are exempt from use only if you have a doctor’s statement and an exemption form from the WI DOT.

21) Safety belts:
• should be worn even if your vehicle is equipped with air bags.
• should fit snugly across your hip bones just under your stomach.
• protect you if you are struck from the side.

22) Safety belt use myths:
• they trap you in the vehicle.
• you only need them for long trips.
• it is better to be thrown from the vehicle.

23) A steady (solid) red traffic signal:
• means come to a complete stop at the designated stop point.
• means you should stay stopped until the green signal light shows.
• permits you to make a right turn on red after stopping and if it is permitted.

24) When law enforcement, highway personnel, or school crossing guards are directing traffic:
• you must obey the directions given by them.
• watch to see what they are directing you to do.
• follow their directions and not the other traffic control devices.

25) A flashing red traffic signal:
• means come to a complete stop at the designated stop point.  Treat it as a stop sign.
• permits you to proceed, after stopping, if the way is clear and safe.
• is usually found during non-busy traffic times.

26) A steady (solid) yellow traffic signal:
• means the light is about to change and you must stop if you can safely do so.
• means you should continue safely out of the intersection if it changes while in the intersection.

27) A flashing yellow traffic signal:
• means to slow down and check cross traffic before crossing the intersection.
• is usually found during non-busy traffic times.

28) A flashing yellow arrow traffic signal:
• permits you to make a left turn after yielding to oncoming traffic and pedestrians.
• means the same thing as a solid green traffic signal for making a left turn.
• are a pain in the rear at times.

29) A steady (solid) green traffic signal:
• means you may proceed if the intersection is clear and safe.
• does not give you the right-of-way.

30) A green arrow:
• means you may turn in the direction of the arrow if it is safe to do so.
• will normally be found at larger intersections.
• may be found for some right turn lanes.

31) A yellow pennant NO PASSING ZONE sign:
• faces you on the left side of the road.
• indicates the beginning of a no passing zone.

32) Red eight-sided STOP signs:
• require you to come to a complete stop at the designated point.
• require you to wait until your path is clear before proceeding.

33) A reflective orange and red triangle:
• is found on some slow-moving vehicles.
• indicates that the vehicle it is on is going 25 mph or less.
• must be taken off or covered up if the vehicle is going to go more than 25 mph.

34) Yellow round railroad crossing signs:
• indicate that there is a railroad crossing ahead and you should approach with caution.
• may have a sign reading "exempt" that indicate that buses and certain trucks do not have to stop at that crossing if no train is in sight.

35) The white and black crossbuck sign:
• may indicate how many tracks you will cross.
• are placed just before the railroad crossing.
• indicate you must yield to any trains or railroad maintenance equipment crossing.

36) Orange and black signs:
• warn you about people working on or near the roadway.
• are placed in roadwork and maintenance areas.
• require you to slow down and watch for hazards and people working.

37) Reference Markers, also known at Mile Markers:
• allow emergency responders to find you easier.
• match the highway exit numbers.
• can be blue or green in color.

38) Lane line colors on the roadway tell you that:
• you are on a one-way street if the lines are white.
• you are on a two-way street if the lines are yellow.
• you can or can't lane change or pass.

39) White lane lines:
• permit lane changing if the line is broken or dashed.
• prohibit lane changing if the line is solid.

40) Crosswalks:
• may be marked with or without white painted lines.
• define the area pedestrians may cross the roadway.
• can be at intersections or in the middle of the block.

41) Stop lines are white thick lines that are painted across the lanes of traffic approaching the intersection:
• and require you to stop before the line.
• indicate where you are to stop your vehicle for the stop sign or red traffic signal.

42) Yellow lane lines:
• permit passing if it is broken or dashed.
• prohibit passing if it is solid.
• is found on the left side of your vehicle.

43) Yellow lane lines:
• may be broken or dashed to tell you passing is permitted when safe.
• may be a double solid line to tell you passing is not permitted.
• may have a solid line with a broken line to tell you passing is permitted if you have the broken line on your side of the lines if it is safe.

44) Reversible Lanes with lane signals:
• with a yellow X above your lane tells you to exit that lane when safe.
• with a green arrow above your lane tells you that lane is open to traffic.
• with a red X above your lane tells you that lane is closed to traffic in that direction.

45) Lanes marked with "Transit" or "Buses":
• are reserved for bus use only.
• are marked with a white diamond.
• may be crossed to make a left or right turn within the next half of a block.

46) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes:
• are also known as car pool lanes.
• are reserved for vehicles with more than one person in them.
• may be marked with a white diamond and "HOV" markings.

47) The main steps to remember when entering a roundabout:
• is to slow down as you approach.
• yield to traffic on your left.
• yield to pedestrians and bicyclists.

48) If you miss your turn or exit on a freeway:
• do not back up.
• go to the next exit.
• re-enter the freeway and go back to the exit you missed.

49) Do not stop in travel lanes:
• if you are confused.
• if you have a breakdown.
• to let passengers out.

50) When driving on roads with multiple lanes:
• stay in the right lane if going slower than other traffic except to pass.
• pull to the right most lane when encountering an emergency vehicle.
• watch for vehicle entering and exiting.

51) Only pass other vehicles on the right side:
• if the vehicle you are passing is slowing down to turn left.
• if the vehicle you are passing is stopped.
• by staying on the paved part of the roadway.

52) Before making a right turn:
• signal and check your blind spot.
• get into the bike or bus lane only when it is safe and clear of bikes and buses.
• check your rearview mirror to see what traffic behind you is doing.

53) When making a right turn:
• move into the travel lane farthest to the right curb or edge of roadway.
• turn into the first travel lane going in your direction.
• yield to pedestrians that are crossing.

54) Before making a left turn:
• signal and check your left mirror before turning.
• position your vehicle just to the right of the center yellow line.
• check your rearview mirror to see what traffic behind you is doing.

55) When making a left turn:
• turn into the first lane of traffic going in your direction.
• do not stop in the intersection to wait for traffic to clear.
• make sure there are no oncoming vehicles.

56) You may not make a U-turn:
• mid-block on any street in a business district.
• at any place where signs prohibit the U-turn.
• by a curve or close to a hill.

57) You may make a U-turn:
• at intersections in residential areas when not traffic is present.
• at intersections controlled by traffic signals if it is clear and you have the green signal.
• on rural roads or highways when it can be done safely and you have a good view of the roadway.

58) Y-turns should:
• only be made when you do not have enough room for a U-turn.
• only be done in low traffic areas like residential roads.
• only be done from a stopped position on the right side of the roadway.

59) At an intersection where there are no signs or traffic signals:
• yield to the vehicles coming from your right.
• yield to pedestrians crossing the roadway.
• don't assume the vehicle on your left will yield to you.

60) At an intersection where all roadways have a stop sign:
• let the vehicle that got there first go first.
• let the vehicle on your right go first if you both got there at or about the same time.
• watch for pedestrians crossing the roadway.

61) You must yield to pedestrians:
• when entering a driveway or parking lot
• when entering an alley.
• that are in a marked or unmarked crosswalk.

62) You must stop before crossing a sidewalk if you are entering or crossing a roadway:
• when exiting a driveway.
• when exiting a parking lot.
• when exiting an alley.

63) If you see anyone in the roadway with a guide dog or white cane:
• stop at least ten feet away.
• wait until the person is off the roadway before proceeding.
• do not honk at them or help them across the street.

64) You must yield to police vehicles, fire trucks, and ambulances when using flashing lights and siren:
• pull over to the right edge of the road as possible.
• watch for other approaching emergency vehicles before pulling back into traffic.
• follow any instruction given over the emergency vehicle's loudspeaker.

65) You do not have to stop for an emergency vehicle using lights or siren:
• when it is on the other side of a divided highway.
• when it is stopped in a driveway or parking lot and not about to pull out.
• when it is stopped in the roadway and the officer is directing you to proceed.

66) When approaching any emergency vehicle stopped on or near a highway using flashing lights:
• you must move into a lane not nearest the stopped vehicle.
• you must slow down if it is unsafe to move into another lane.
• travel in the lane not nearest the stopped vehicle until you have safely passed.

67) When approaching any tow trucks or roadway maintenance/construction vehicles using flashing lights:
• you must move into a lane not nearest the stopped vehicle.
• you must slow down if it is unsafe to move into another lane.
• travel in the lane not nearest the stopped vehicle until you have safely passed.

68) When approaching people riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles on or near the roadway:
• do not sound your horn near them.
• slow down as you approach.
• keep a safe distance away while passing them.

69) Vehicles in a funeral procession:
• must yield to active emergency vehicles.
• must have their low beam headlights on.
• must be given the right-of-way at intersections.

70) The first vehicle in a funeral procession:
• must stop for the stop sign or red traffic signal.
• must make sure the intersection is clear before proceeding through.
• is the only vehicle required to stop for the stop sign or red traffic signal.

71) You must stop for a school bus with its red lights flashing:
• a minimum of 20 feet behind the bus.
• a minimum of 20 feet in front of the bus when traveling towards it.
• until the red lights on the bus have stopped flashing.

72) Watch for school buses:
• slowing to stop and pick up students.
• slowing to stop and drop off students.
• slowing to stop and check for trains at railroad crossings.

73) Whenever you park:
• use designated parking areas.
• set your parking (emergency) brake.
• leave the vehicle in the lowest gear if it is a manual transmission.

74) To park your vehicle on a hill:
• turn the wheels away from the curb when going uphill.
• turn the wheels toward the curb when going downhill.
• turn the wheels toward the side of the road when there is no curb.

75) When parking your vehicle, you must:
• be at least 10 feet from a fire hydrant.
• be at least 15 feet from a crosswalk.
• be at least 4 feet from a driveway.

76) You must not park your vehicle:
• on a bridge, overpass, or in a tunnel.
• directly across the street from a fire station entrance or exit.
• on the wrong side of the street (opposing traffic).

77) Accelerate gradually and smoothly.  Trying to start too fast:
• can cause the drive wheels to spin.
• can cause your vehicle to slide.
• can cause the engine to shut off.

78) Look well down the road:
• 10 to 15 seconds ahead.
• on both sides of the road.
• for traffic situations where you need to steer before you get to them.

79) Maximum speeds in WI, unless otherwise posted:
• are 15 mph in school zones when children are present.
• are 25 on residential and business streets.
• are 65 mph on rural interstate highways and expressways.

80) Wisconsin law says you must:
• not exceed the posted speed limit.
• not drive so slowly that you interfere with the normal and reasonable movement of traffic.
• go slower if conditions make the posted speed unsafe.

81) A good driver knows what is happening around them.  You should look:
• 10 - 15 seconds well ahead of your vehicle.
• from the left to the right side of the roadway.
• to see what is happening behind your vehicle.

82) Before you enter an intersection:
• look to both the left and right for approaching vehicles.
• look for crossing pedestrians.
• look for oncoming traffic to see what they are doing.

83) If you are stopped at an intersection and your view of a cross street is blocked:
• slowly move ahead until you can see.
• stop again before entering the intersection.
• check for cross traffic and pedestrians before proceeding.

84) If your view is blocked at an uncontrolled intersection:
• be prepared to brake, if needed.
• slowly move forward until you can see.
• look left and right before crossing the intersection.

85) When approaching any railroad crossing:
• look both ways for approaching trains or railroad maintenance equipment.
• wait until the passing train is well down the track before starting to cross.
• be watchful when following a bicyclist or a motorcyclist.

86) When changing lanes, you should:
• look in your rearview mirrors for traffic behind you.
• look in your side view mirrors for traffic next to you.
• look over your shoulder in the direction you plan to move.

87) When you back up:
• do not depend on your rearview or side mirrors.
• you should turn and look directly through the rear window.
• back slowly, no faster than a slow walk.

88) It is important to use high beams:
• on unfamiliar roads.
• in construction areas.
• where there may be people along the side of the road.

89) Dim your high beams:
• whenever you come within 500 feet (about a one block distance) of an oncoming vehicle.
• when you are closer than 500 feet behind another vehicle.
• when in heavy traffic.

90) Use the low beams:
• when driving in fog.
• when driving in rain.
• when driving in well-lit areas.

91) If a driver approaching you fails to dim their headlights:
• slow down and be ready to stop.
• you may flash your high beams to let them know.
• look toward the right side of the road.

92) You must have your headlights on:
• when driving from half an hour after sunset to half an hour before sunrise.
• when you cannot see a vehicle or person on the roadway at a distance of 500 feet.
• whenever driving during night or bad weather.

93) Headlights help other people see you:
• on rainy, snowy or foggy days.  If you turn on your wipers, turn on your headlights.
• when it begins to get dark.
• when driving away from a rising or setting sun.

94) Give your horn a light tap:
• when you are passing a driver who starts to turn into your lane.
• when a driver is not paying attention or may have trouble seeing you.
• when exiting a narrow alley.

95) Stay out of the blind spot:
• by avoid driving in the area on either side of and slightly to the rear of other vehicles.
• either speed up or drop back so the other driver can see your vehicle.
• never stay alongside or right behind large vehicles.

96) While truckers can see ahead better, they have very serious blind spots (no zones):
• that are 20 feet in front of the truck.
• that are 20 feet to the sides of the truck.
• that are 200 feet behind the truck.

97) You should use your turn signals before:
• changing lanes.
• turning right or left.
• merging into or out of traffic.

98) Be careful that you do not signal too early:
• signal 100 feet or about three seconds before your intended turn.
• wait until you have passed other streets to signal.
• it may confuse other drivers wanting to enter the street you are on.

99) If you are going to stop or slow down where other drivers may not expect it:
• quickly tap your brake pedal 3 or 4 times.
• check your rearview mirror to see what the driver behind you is doing.
• check for a space to your side to move into to avoid being rear-ended.

100) Sometimes, in addition to using your turn signals, hand and arm signals may be used:
• when driving in bright sunlight.
• when driving an antique vehicle.
• when your mechanical turn signals are not working.

101) Driving safely means obeying speed limits, but adjusting your speed for:
• road and traffic conditions.
• weather conditions.
• how well you can see.

102) Before you enter a curve:
• slow down to a safe speed.
• check for faster traffic behind you.
• check the roadway for slippery spot.

103) On slippery roads:
• reduce your speed by 10 mph on wet roads.
• reduce your speed by half on snow packed roads.
• reduce your speed to a crawl on ice covered roads.

104) Some roads surfaces are slippery at certain times or places:
• like overpasses, bridges and shady spots.
• when it starts to rain on a hot day.  The road is more slippery until the oil is washed off.
• when the temperature is around the freezing point.

105) If it feels like your tires have lost traction with the surface of the road, called hydroplaning:
• ease your foot off the gas pedal.
• keep the wheels straight.
• do not try to stop or turn until your tires are gripping the road again.

106) The best way to keep from hydroplaning is to:
• slow down.
• not have bald tires on your vehicle.
• not have badly worn tires on your vehicle.

107) Winter driving calls for special techniques:
• go slow.  Avoid sudden stops or sharp turns.
• increase following distance.
• drive defensively.

108) Give snow plows room when its amber lights are on and:
• slow down.
• give them as much room as possible.
• stay at least 200 feet behind with a posted speed limit of 35 mph or more.

109) Going much slower than other vehicles can be just as bad as speeding, it:
• is dangerous and you can be ticketed for impeding traffic.
• it tends to make vehicle bunch up behind you.
• it causes other traffic to pass you.

110) If vehicles bunch up behind you:
• pull over when safe to let them pass.
• should drive faster if possible and safe.
• should consider using a road with slower posted speeds.

111) When you merge with other traffic:
• try to enter at the same speed that traffic is moving.
• check your side mirror for traffic next to you.
• check your blind spot for traffic next to you.

112) Some vehicles will have a red and orange slow-moving vehicle (SMV) sign indicating they:
• are going 25 mph or less.
• are farm equipment.
• are an animal-drawn vehicle.

113) Drive at a speed where you can always safely stop:
• use the "Four Second Rule" when driving behind other vehicles.
• make sure you are not "over-driving" your headlights.
• comply with speed limits.

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